A Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) is a diagnostic tool used to study the flow of public funds from the center to service providers. It has successfully been applied in many countries around the world where public accounting systems function poorly or provide unreliable information. The PETS has proven to be a useful tool to identify and quantify the leakage of funds. The PETS has also served as an analytical tool for understanding the causes underlying problems, so that informed policies can be developed. Finally, PETS results have successfully been used to improve transparency and accountability by supporting "power of information" campaigns.
PETS are often combined with Quantitative Service Delivery Surveys (QSDS) in order to obtain a more complete picture of the efficiency and equity of a public allocation system, activities at the provider level, as well as various agents involved in the process of service delivery.
While most of PETS and QSDS have been conducted in the health and education sectors, a few have also covered other sectors, such as justice, Early Childhood Programs, water, agriculture, and rural roads.
In the past decade, about 40 PETS and QSDS have been implemented in about 30 countries. While a large majority of these surveys have been conducted in Africa, which currently accounts for 66 percent of the total number of studies, PETS/QSDS have been implemented in all six regions of the World Bank (East Asia and Pacific, Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa).
This study was designed to track public funds from central to lower levels and analyze how each hierarchical administrative step influences the size and speed of resources flow. The research focused on following questions: what percentage of the initial amount that left the central level reaches the final beneficiary and how long does it take for resources to reach its final destination. Answering these questions could help to inform policy for an improved budgetary system.
Type de données
Sample survey data [ssd]
Health Systems & Financing
Regions: Dakar, Kaolack, Thies, Tambacounda and Saint-Louis
Producteurs et sponsors
Ministry of Health
At the central level, all units were surveyed. Health facilities were chosen using stratified random sampling technique. First, five regions had been randomly selected, then in each region two departments were chosen. Ten health posts and one district were selected within each department. Overall, the survey covered ten districts, 37 local governments and 100 health centers.
Collecte des données
Dates de collecte de données
Mode de collecte de données
Public use file
Exigences de citation
The use of this survey must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online).
Avis de non-responsabilité et droits d'auteur
Clause de non-responsabilité
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.